Women’s History

remarkable women in extraordinary circumstances

“Rappaport is a meticulous historian, seeking out forgotten and neglected sources and discovering new strands to old stories.”


 In recent years there has been regular discussion  about the difficulties of writing women’s history and how some female historians have felt compelled to stick to writing about  the wives, lovers and mistresses of much more famous men, for lack of sufficient good material on lesser known female subjects.

The problem for  anyone wanting to write women’s history is, of course, that in a world dominated by men until the 20th century, we are faced with a desperate shortage of primary sources, especially pre 1700. With the best will in the world it is hard to tell the stories of non-aristocratic women in this earlier period. As a result, a glut of Medieval and Tudor women’s history has led to David Starkey’s  now notorious complaint that  women historians have subjugated the story of the ‘much more important men’, such as his own favourite Henry VIII, to that of his far less significant wives. History, he claims, is being ‘feminised’.

Rather than compete in the arena of  already well known women – pace Queen Victoria, one of the few about whom there always seem to be new things to say – it has  always been my objective to try and uncover new and lost women’s history by searching for intriguing and untold stories from the footnotes. This was my objective with my first trade book in 2007. I had fallen in love with history when learning about the Crimean War at school and had always wanted to write about it.

But it is a subject dominated by military histories written by men. I was not interested in the war per se: I wanted to look at  the human, behind the scenes story. So I set out to explore the experiences of the many women who had followed the army to Crimea in 1854–6 as wives, nurses, cooks and washerwomen.  This involved searching for and reconstructing their stories from very scattered and fragmentary sources. It took a long, speculative and exhausting trawl through around  200 books of letters, diaries and memoirs of the war, in military archives, newspapers and magazines, and on  genealogy sites. But in the end I uncovered more than enough lost stories of women in the Crimean War to be able to write No Place for Ladies. Writing that  book confirmed my passion for seeking out the forgotten women in history.

There is no greater thrill for a historian than finding a story that has been totally lost; to be the first to uncover it and restore it to  history. This is what I was delighted to achieve with my 2010 book Beautiful For Ever about the Victorian con artist Madame Rachel of Bond Street. The agent I was with at the time dismissed the idea out of hand when I first mooted it. ‘I’ll never be able to sell that’ he told me. Deflated, I put the idea on the back boiler as a book proposal, but nevertheless carried on researching Madame Rachel  in my spare time as a hobby. Before long it became an obsession with me to chase down her lost story. I did so by combining my writing skills as a historian with years of experience in genealogical research. But ultimately it was the contemporary press that brought the story alive for me with  the digitisation of so many old Victorian  newspapers. This single technical advancement in internet searching has transformed my life and work as a historian and I am sure that of most of my colleagues. Digitisation now makes it possible to uncover women’s history in ways in which it was never possible before, to reclaim the stories of the long forgotten dead.

Once again, I find myself returning to the words of Hilary Mantel:

“I have a general faith that true stories surpass invention, in their twists and turns. I enjoy the research, and being ingenious in what I do with it. I like to see what can be made from a little scrap of evidence, without distorting it. And I like putting my hand out to the dead and seeing who will take it. I think that from childhood I have felt permeated by the past and baffled about the nature of time.           Nothing touches me so profoundly as the traces the dead have left; it’s an intellectual fascination but also an emotional pull.”

Yes –  ‘putting out a hand to the dead’ – that is what all historians do and I hope to continue doing so in my own small way in order to reclaim more lost women’s stories.

Women’s History Books

No Place for Ladies

A haunting account of remarkable women in extraordinary circumstances

Beautiful Forever

The thrilling and scandalous tale of Madame Rachel

Women Social Reformers

A guide to women activists around the world

Dark Hearts of Chicago

19th century Chicago is a place of dangerous contrasts…

Latest Articles and Media about Women’s History

Lizzie Lind-af-Hageby

Lizzie Lind-af-Hageby

In the 1900s, a Swedish-born pacifist and women’s and animal rights campaigner, Louise Lind-af-Hageby appeared regularly in the British press for her frequent run-ins with the medical establishment. But who remembers this remarkable woman now?

Women in Trousers — From Bloomers to Rational Dress

Women in Trousers — From Bloomers to Rational Dress

The 1848 Women’s Rights Convention was the first of its kind to openly advocate women’s dress reform. All of the assembled women agreed that the time had come for the simplification of the cumbrous fashions they were obliged to wear.

The Pioneer Women Journalists who Inspired a Novel

The Pioneer Women Journalists who Inspired a Novel

In the late nineteenth century an extraordinary breed of new journalists appeared on the scene in America. The world had seen nothing like them before. They were young, feisty, courageous and iconoclastic – and they were women.

Beautiful For Ever: the True Story of Madame Rachel

Beautiful For Ever: the True Story of Madame Rachel

Madame Rachel promised her clients that she would make them ‘Beautiful For Ever!’ But what they found inside her beguiling oriental boudoir with its latticed screens, lavish oriental wall hangings, splashing fountain and heavy crimson drapes, was something far darker…

The Women in Lenin’s Life

The Women in Lenin’s Life

Lenin had no qualms whatsoever in ruthlessly exploiting the loyalty of the women who formed his essential back up team. He wore them all ragged in the cause of his own political ends.

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